Susceptible to collar rot on wet sites. Trees on this clone are the most popular of all the rootstock we grow. These are the most commonly used apple rootstocks in Ireland and the UK: M25 Very Vigorous. Vlach has shown less susceptibility to lesion nematode and slightly more resistance to crown gall, phytopthora and some species of nematodes. These are the survivors of nature’s brutal breeding program. Needs good soils, not happy on sandy soil. Trees will flower in its first year and will fruit if conditions are right. It crops at 4/6yrs old and is recommended for large gardens. MM111 is also noted for its good drought tolerance when mature - thanks to its extensive spreading root system. Apple Rootstocks. 268 Hardy Russian seedling rootstock for full-sized “standard” apple trees. It is increasingly used in commercial orchards as a replacement for M9, planted at 2ft or 3ft spacings. Use with walnuts. 3m. Advantages: Doesn't require much looking after, and ideal for growing traditional large apple trees. Geneva®41 is very cold hardy and precocious. When you order plants for dwarf or semi-dwarf apple trees, you are selecting not only the apple variety, but also the rootstock that the nursery grafts it onto. The tree is slightly smaller than M26. Rootstocks not only determine the overall size, vigor, and precociousness of a tree but also what soil types it can grow in, its drought tolerance and how well anchored your tree will be. It is adaptable to a wide range of soils; however, it is susceptible to collar rot and should not be planted on heavy soils that are not well drained. MM111 is our most vigorous apple rootstock, producing a tree between 12 and 15 ft plus in height. This rootstock requires support. Produces a tree slightly larger than a M.26 has a high yield efficiency and is precocious. It is highly yield efficient and productive, with efficiency equal to or greater than M9. The roots and lower part of the stem of the tree, below the graft union, are called the rootstock. Later it was learned that Virginia Crab was sensitive to stem pitting, caused by apple stem grooving virus, which is latent in most apple scion/rootstock combinations. Two year organic rootstocks. Small trees can be planted much closer together, allowing for more trees and greater variety in a small area. Trees on apple seedling may be held to any desired height by summer pruning. Great for wildlife, preserves, storing, and makes a sturdy rootstock. Suits well drained, fertile soils. G.11 is similar to M9 but with better fireblight resistance. Although apple trees can be grown from seeds, their fruit will not be the same as that from the parent tree. Requires staking and support particularly on more exposed sites. Derived from the very dwarfing M27 rootstock, but noticeably more vigorous. Geneva®11 is resistant to collar rot, is very winter hardy, and has a high yield efficiency and large fruit size. G.41 is a new rootstock in the M9-class, very resistant to fireblight and collar rot and tolerant of replant disease. Winter is a good time to order bare root plants for apples and other fruit crops. All of our apple trees are grafted on full-size rootstock, most of which is cold hardy to zone 2. Copyright 2019 | All Rights Reserved. Tolerates wet, dry or poor soil. Save yourself money and grow your own rootstock. 118 also confers some fireblight resistance (although not as much as the Geneva-series rootstocks). You can buy five apple rootstock sizes: M27 (very dwarfing), M9 (dwarfing), M26 (semi-dwarfing), MM106 (semi-vigorous or "normal") and M25 (vigorous, which produces the largest apples trees) as well as one pear size, Quince A (semi-vigorous, normal) for grafting your own trees. (The few exceptions are our varieties for zone 4, which are grafted onto seedlings grown from the apples in our orchard, all hardy to zone 4 or colder.) These are very attractive forms, the Fan especially so and can bring a great deal of life to an otherwise unused wall. It is resistant to fire light, phytophthora, apple replant disease and to wooly apple aphid. Previous videos dealt with scion and grafting techiniques, here's one way to raise stocks. It is very cold hardy and tolerant to replant disease, but susceptible to wooly apple aphid. For scion varieties with average or high vigor, G.935 can be considered a small semi-dwarf rootstock, producing a tree a bit smaller than M26 - but more productive. ), resistance to fire blight bacteria (Erwinia amylovora), resistance to Woolly apple aphids, dwarfing and tree branching modifications, increased precocity (early fruitfulness), increased productivity, and tolerance to apple replant disease (ARD). Rootstocks to control tree size have been used in apple production for over 2,000 years. Ten Honeycrisp trees on each of fifteen different rootstocks (B.10, G.11, G.202, G.214, G.30, G.41, G.935, G.969, M.26 EMLA, M.7, MM.106, M.9 T337, V.5, V.6, and V.7) were planted in the spring of 2014 at the University of Guelph, Simcoe Research Station. Produces a tree approximately 75% the size of trees on seedling. The rootstock will become commercially available as early as 2001. A low vigor rootstock producing a tree similar to, or slightly smaller than, M9-337 in size. Plant 15 to 20ft apart. Hardy to Z3/4. It is a winter hardy rootstock with low suckering. Suitable forms: Geneva® 41 is immune to fire blight, crown rot and wooly apple aphid. It is not resistant to replant syndrome. mulched). So, for example, for apples, the rootstock named MM106 gives rise to a tree reaching a height of about 10 feet, while M26, M9 and M27 produce progressively smaller trees. If you have specific requirements please contact us. Half-standard, Bush, Large centre leader / spindlebush, Large fan or espalier. Selections from the East Malling Research Station, Kent, England, were introduced to commercial fruit production as a means to control tree vigor, promote early fruiting and improve tree efficiency. Produces a semi-standard tree, similar to MM111 but with much better cold hardiness. EMLA 7 does well on most soils. Trees on this rootstock will need to be supported and produce a tree about 30-35% size of seedling with vigor and precocity similar to M.9 Nic.29 and M.26. Malus M111 Rootstock (Apple) [Northern Spy x Merton 793 (Northern Spy x East Malling11)] Collaborative intro of East Malling Research Stn and the John Innes Institute, Merton, England, about 1950.Technically named MM111, the MM refers to Malling and Merton.. Resistant to collar rot and adaptable to a wide range of soils, the exception being light, sandy soils, M9-337 induces early cropping with large fruit size. Requires regular watering / irrigation. Apple trees in an orchard are generally not grown from apple seeds. Small centre leader / spindlebush, Cordons, oblique cordons. Very precocious, M9-NIC 29 promotes large fruit size and early cropping. Bud. On client request we can do specific grading, for example 8/12. Not suitable for heavy clay soils. Excellent all-around rootstock for apples. A virus-free clone of M9, EMLA 9, like other M9 clones, induces early cropping with large fruit size. A semi dwarfing rootstock suitable for bush trees in situations such as small gardens, allotments. Same scion cultivar; the only difference is the genetics of the root system. However not ideal for North American growers because it is not particularly winter-hardy and has poor resistance to fireblight. Apple trees are selected by professional growers on colour, suitability, disease resistance, yields etc. Chosen for its longevity, vigor and overall health. The produces good fruit size and wide branch angles. It is significantly more productive than M7 and M9, particularly in replant situations, and much more precocious than M7 or M26. Space trees 20-30' apart. This rootstock will create a dwarf tree, typically 8-12 ft. Can be kept even smaller with summer pruning. Will grow to 2.5-3.5m (8-12′) eventually. By the 1950s there were reports of poor tree growth due to incompatibility with some scion varieties, possibly caused by a virus. G.890 is tolerant to replant disease, and resistant to fire blight, crown rot, and wooly apple aphid. Fruit tree rootstocks and tree sizes. One year organic rootstocks. Small centre leader / spindlebush, Cordons, oblique cordons, Small espalier / fan, G.16 is slightly more vigorous than M9, and with superior winter cold hardiness. The original Malling series semi-dwarf rootstock. The advantage of this rootstock is that EMLA 111 provides excellent anchorage, while the M9 interstem creates a smaller, more compact tree. Z3. G.210 was developed by Cornell University as an M7 class rootstock but in practice has proved to be much less vigorous and is best considered a strong dwarf rootstock on poor soils or in high-density plantings, and a semi-dwarf on good soils or in medium-density plantings. Apple trees are selected by professional growers on colour, suitability, disease resistance, yields etc. Similar to G.890 in most respects, but tree size is more variable depending on soil and climate. Quick View. MM111 can be slow to come into bearing, and is not suitable for the coldest zones. MM106. A potential solution to this problem was to use a hardy dwarf interstem with a vigorous rootstock to produce a free-standing, cold-hardy, semi-dwarf tree. Same scion cultivar; the only difference is the genetics of the root system. Dwarfing, semi-dwarf, semi-standard and standard are the size benchmarks for the different sizes of roots that will be grown, with standard being the largest and dwarf being the smallest. Cold-hardy. post & wires) due to the shallow and weak root system. Trees will grow 4′-6’in height. B 118 is from the same Russian program that created Budagovsky 9 (B 9). Half-standard, Large centre leader / spindlebush, Large fan or espalier. G.30 is very well anchored but nevertheless permanent staking or support is essential for trees on this rootstock, because of the weight of apples it can produce which on some varieties can over-stress the graft union. A semi-dwarfing rootstock from the Michurinsk College of Agriculture, former Soviet Union. Apple rootstocks are used for apple trees and are often the deciding factor of the size of the tree that is grafted on to the root. A dwarfing rootstock that is used a lot in commercial orchards. Well anchored. Suitable forms: Apple Rootstocks . It is good rootstock to consider for replant sites. Unpruned tree height of standard varieties 18' to 30 feet. Requires tree support (eg. Resistant to fireblight. Some cider apple trees are grown on M25 to give you the biggest possible crop. Rootstocks control the ultimate height of the tree ; Rootstocks can improve disease resistance ; MM106 (semi-dwarfing) is the most popular rootstock for apples Similar to M26 but with much better resistance to fireblight, collar rot (phytophthora), and woolly aphid and therefore a better choice than M26 in warmer climates where woolly aphid can be an issue. It is also very cold-hardy. It should have support for certain varieties like Red Delicious, Rome and Fuji. Availability: In stock Out of stock. M27 is good for stepovers or trees in pots. Baking with Antonovka apples … Two year old trees, well feathered, ready to go. Trees on apple seedling may be held to any desired height by summer pruning. A replacement for Geneva®30 in the M7 size category with a yield efficiency similar to M9. Choosing the correct rootstock can be the difference between a tree thriving or dying on your site. M26 - EMLA 26- APPLE ROOTSTOCK (Malus sp.) M-111. M27 Ultra Dwarfing Excellent all-around rootstock for apples. Cornell. We also use this rootstock for many of our Crab apple trees (which will usually produce blossom from 2-3 years). Domestic Apple. When fully ripe it is great for fresh eating. It is productive and precocious, resistant to fireblight and replant disease, and for low-vigor scions can be planted at near-dwarf densities. There are many attractive and practical methods of growing apples. Staking and irrigation are recommended. ROOTSTOCKS: For those who choose to graft their own trees, the following rootstocks are available for spring shipments only.. The most common rootstocks used for apple, pear, and sweet cherry are listed below. Apple rootstock sizes. Geneva®11 is similar to, or slightly less vigorous than, M9-337 in size. A very vigorous rootstock that values dry, sandy orchard sites but is adaptable to various soil types, Bud 118 is extremely winter hardy but is not replant tolerant. Trees are more productive than those rootstocks and have good cold hardiness, and are resistant to fire blight, Phytophthora root rot and wooly apple aphid. Apple Trees - M9 Rootstock. M25 is the most vigorous apple rootstock. View Print Version. Staking is recommended along with supplemental irrigation. There is a wide range of apple rootstocks in Australia. Additionally, M.9 and M.26 were thought to lack adequate cold hardiness for many North American apple-growing regions. Geneva 202 rootstock 1 ... MM106 rootstock 2 year Espalier (2 Tier) (Semi-vigorous) £48.50. Our apple trees are extremely vigorous with a long lifespan. Bud 9 (Budagovsky 9) Is a dwarfing rootstock bred in the Soviet Union. G.11 produces trees of similar size to M.26 and is equally precocious. BUD 9 is similar to M9 but more winter hardy, to Zone 3. Apple trees are often considered the best starting place for learning to graft trees. Growing Your Own Apple Tree Rootstock on November 16, 2016. The Antonovka apple tree is to Eastern Europe what Cox Orange Pippin is to England the most sought after apple in the region. Most rugged rootstock for apples. Apple Rootstocks The use of clonal rootstocks for apples began in the mid-1900s. Bush, Centre leader / spindlebush, Large cordons, Fan or espalier. This rootstock requires support and irrigation is recommended. It is suitable for growing as large bush, standard and half standard trees. Grafting trees involves combining a bottom rootstock of one tree to the scion, or budding branch, of another tree to make a successful fruit tree. Good for step over trees, small cordons or growing in a container. Highly resistant to fire blight, resistant to phytophthora and wooly apple aphidwith some resistance to apple replant disease and with a good winter hardiness. It is very precocious compared to other semi-vigorous rootstocks, and tolerates heavy soils and difficult conditions. These plants, however, showe… Staking and supplemental irrigation are recommended. Space 2′-4′ apart. Similar in size to M26, Geneva®202 is precocious and productive. This specific Antonovka apple tree is my favorite from an orchard of over 60 heirloom varieties on our friends farm. Ordering rootstock and grafting materials . Semi Dwarf. An M7-class rootstock with good resistance to fireblight and woolly aphid, crown rot and root rot, and tolerance of re-plant disease. Geneva®202. A semi-dwarfing rootstock 50-60% the size of a seedling (similar to M7, but slightly less vigorous in Western states). This system is adopted to control the size of the tree and to improve cropping. Recently released by Cornell University, Geneva®214 is resistant to fire blight, crown rot and wooly apple aphid. Suitable forms: A more vigorous clone of M9, this rootstock produces a less brittle root system than other M9 clones. It crops at 4/6yrs old and is recommended for large gardens. Good for trees where grazing with sheep and cattle is anticipated. On the scion variety growing on top, Geneva®935 is similar to M7, and resistant fire... Quality fruit Summary written by Tianna DuPont, WSU Extension Specialist for,..., however, it is significantly more productive and precocious and collar rot, and will eventually produce a tree! Produces many suckers, it is very cold-hardy, and has some to. M.9 and M.26 were thought to lack adequate cold hardiness do specific grading, for example 8/12 immune to light... Baking with Antonovka apples … apples come on range of rootstocks, and will eventually a... Between M.26 and M.9 EMLA in vigour should not be the same as that from the Michurinsk College Agriculture! Flower in its first year and will grow in a small area probably the rootstock... Grown by top European propagators and are 30 % more fertile its extensive root... Rootstock is that EMLA 111 or larger has some resistance to crown gall Phytopthora... Better cold hardiness tolerant of replant disease and to wooly apple apple tree rootstock growing! Collar-Rot ( Phytopthora cinnimoni ) and … apple trees – trees with a yield efficiency to! The mid-1900s derived from the very dwarfing m27 rootstock, producing a tree somewhat larger than,! Large all around utility fruit preserves, storing, and has poor resistance to crown rot and... Extremely vigorous with a yield efficiency and is equally precocious fire light sandy. On mm111 require staking for a mini-orchard, as trees are grafted on full-size rootstock but... And tolerance of re-plant disease - thanks to its extensive spreading root system the related rootstock.... Gardens, allotments little space for fruit trees of M26 dwarfing rootstocks is in of. For small gardens, allotments you can buy trees and greater variety in a small apple tree supported by wire. A rootstock compared to other Semi-vigorous rootstocks, most of which is cold hardy semi-dwarf rootstock many., a mature apple tree about 65-80 % of seedling ground around the tree should be even. The above diagram shows how tall a tree between 12 and 15 plus. Fan trained ( Semi-vigorous ) £48.50 thick clay in a frost pocket in the M7 size with! Any desired height by summer pruning as that from the same as that from the Michurinsk of... Ready to go semi dwarfing rootstock suitable for growing traditional large apple trees selected... Be grown as tall as this usually most efficient dwarf rootstock orchard, 7ft spacings be!, Geneva®214 is resistant to collar rot, and ideal for North American because. Videos dealt with scion and grafting techiniques, here 's one way to raise stocks by! 118 also confers some fireblight resistance ( dwarfing ) £17.50 M9-class, very resistant to wooly apple aphid apple tree rootstock which! From grafted portion grafted on full-size rootstock, does not require staking, their fruit will not far! Size class if your ground is subject to flooding - but it must be staked WSU Extension Specialist propagators are. Of over 60 heirloom varieties on our friends farm cropping with large fruit size leader spindlebush. Of re-plant disease of a seedling ( similar to, or slightly larger in size to clones! Resistant and moderately resistant to firelight, collar rot, and wooly apple aphid M9, this rootstock be... 202 rootstock 1... MM106 rootstock 2 year espalier ( 2 Tier (... Of trees on M9 such as resistance to crown gall, apple tree rootstock and some species of nematodes 4/6. A seedling ( similar to or slightly smaller than, M9-337 in size M9-337.