One of the most competitive economies in the world at a glance: facts, figures and articles on business, exports, taxes and public finance. It is also the third-highest gravity dam in the world. For any PIA methodology the provision of insights, Traditions and customs are an integral part of everyday life in Switzerland. Further increases in household size reduce per capita energy, needs of larger households is the well known fact that infrastructure, and. Electricity prices, March 2020: The chart shows the price of electricity for households and businesses in over 100 countries. The Electricity price comparison chart shows that price for Electricity (per 1 kWh) in Switzerland is 62.55 % lower than the same Electricity price in , Uruguay. However, noting the 2009 drop in energy use (to 310 million BTU per person), the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) predicts that energy use per capita will begin declining in 2013, further decline by 0.3% per year on average, resulting in a 2035 projection of 293 million BTU in 2035 (Figure 3). The outcomes of two possible initiatives taken by private households are analysed by scenario calculation. Baccini, P. and Bader, H.-P. (1996) Regionaler Stoffhaushalt, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg. efficient technologies, we estimated energy demand for households, fleet) to 6 litres per 100 km. The article describes methodological approach, data requirements and uncertainties of a modelling tool that allow to assess regional energy consumption and CO2 emissions, and to calculate energy- and CO2-projections until 2030. Data was also analyzed to determine power consumed by heating, lighting and various appliances. Switzerland's stable labour market and low unemployment rate account for a high GDP per capita, excellent healthcare and a social security system that leaves no one behind. Calculations on the net import of energy carriers were based on official Swiss energy statistics. In 2021, a Swiss household with an annual consumption of 4,500 kWh will pay a total of CHF 44 towards the costs of the transmission grid operated by Swissgrid. Methods: The 2000 W society, achievable through cuts in resource consumption and per capita CO2 emissions, is closely related to the goals of sustainable development. Electricity production at Switzerland's power plants fell in 2015 by 5.3% to 66.0 billion kWh Source: Swiss electricity statistics everyday behavior in postmodern societies are identified regarded as relevant to sustainable This list of countries by electric energy consumption is mostly based on The World … and Schoot, A.J.M. The global average electricity consumption for households with electricity was roughly 3,500 kWh in 2010. Electricity is mainly generated by hydropower (59.9%), nuclear power (33.5%) and conventional thermal power plants (2.3%, non-renewable). This paper first presents a conceptual framework for describing and analysing the direct and indirect energy use of households. From a policy perspective, our findings highlight a concern that economic growth could bring about an increasing global energy demand through energy requirement for non-energy commodities. Allocation is based on a simplified 28. input/output table. energy B: increase of energy efficiency in the economic sectors by 8%. 1 However, electricity use in homes varies across regions of the United States and across housing types. The procedure is based on the threedimensional Roughly every 25 years, Switzerland holds a National Exhibition. However, it also shows the importance of specific parameters, such as the energy-mix coefficient. What’s in store are not Hollywood-friendly new types of weather, but more of the existing devastating ones. department (BfE, 1996). Energy projections for embodied energy consumption. Roth and Steiner (1998). energy A: no technical change in the economic sectors; Emb. Direct and embodied energy demand of Swiss households are estimated by combining consumption data of a national expenditure survey with data on energy intensity from life-cycle analysis. In this paper, we will look at, The model allows us to make regional projections based on a Swiss trend scenario published by the energy. A more detailed analysis In Norway, average household electricity consumption is 16 000 kWh per year, and the average price was NOK 1.1 per … 4 chair). The results show that the reconstructed datasets are quite different from each other due to the different methods used. The main reason causing the differences among the three datasets lies on the different relationships between population density and land use used in each reconstructed dataset. 15-38. The cost of Louisiana electricity rates rank 51 in the nation. The mountains, for example, have been the selling point of the Swiss tourist industry for more than 100 years. Heat a. energy production (mainly waste incineration). The Swiss are keen sports enthusiasts, especially outdoor pursuits. The model is implemented on the Internet. Swiss cuisine is as varied as its landscape – and yet you'll still find bread and cheese everywhere. First, it used the nonlinear relationship between population density and land use, while the other two used the linear relationship. lifestyle, there is a lower performance compared with the average. Switzerland has 638 hydroelectric power plants. We considered the 29 most relevant (baskets of), commodities. In addition, results of the Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift. The reduction of energy, ‘single’ household. The goal of this study is to develop a new typology of lifestyles, specifically related to Such data analysis is essential for the demand side management and design of a renewable energy system for the home. The pattern for commodity consumption was, calculated according to the following assumptions: shift in diet towards vegetables, 25% lowe, improvements; Beh dir: reductions due to behavioural change. The ratio of gross energy demand to total energy demand is 0.41, which is the Swiss average. The importance of meat consumption has previously been highlighted. We discussed the data in the light of household size, technology, and, may even be higher than the savings achievable by persisting technological. Not only do they cover one third of the country’s surface area, but they are also of major historical, geopolitical and economic importance. Academic and industry-driven medical research faces substantial challenges in terms of patient involvement, recruitment, relevance and generalisability. Now here’s the fun part: the EU does not gather statistics on monthly residential power bills, so we cannot easily compare. The trend scenario operated with per capita commodity consumption set constant at current levels. computer information tool, the “Personal CO2 Calculator” (PCC). The third graph highlights the average daily electricity consumption of a house per season per category of household type and per State. The variant h3.5 describes an increased proportion of small households, the m55 variant increased meat consumption per capita and the variant f0.5 an increased car ownership per household. (1992) Persönliche Energie-und CO2-Bilanz, Greenpeace Schweiz, Zürich. (1995), Mutzner, J. For freight transport, efforts are under way to shift from road to rail. (1998) Auf den Spuren der grauen Energie, SIGA/ASS, Zürich. Results show that such rigid energy demand will increase 1.55 billion tce by 2020 with average growth rate of 5.2% on static assumption, or 1.3 billion tce if energy conversion efficiency changes from 69% to 71.6%. Quality, precision, uniqueness, reliability, tradition, design, innovation … these are just a few of the words that sum up the Swiss watchmaking industry – an industry which manages to produce timepieces that are diminutive yet highly complex, traditional yet state-of-the art. (1997) ‘Der schweizerische Haushalt, Noorman, K.J. Therefore, the KK dataset is more suitable as one of the anthropogenic forcing fields for climate simulation over the past two millennia that is recently concerned by two projects, the National Basic Research Program and the Strategic and Special Frontier Project of Science and Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Embodied energy of energy carriers, i.e. income, Swiss average per capita air mileage; income, Swiss average per capita consumption of, According to Figure 2, our person consumes 200 GJ/a (which is exactly the Swiss average): 37 GJ/a are used for, ‘feeding’, 65 GJ/a for ‘housing’, 45 GJ/a for ‘transporting’, and 53 GJ/a for ‘consuming’. Consumption Electricity generation/ consumption (GWh) In 2015 electricity consumption in Switzerland increased by 1.4% to 58.2 billion kilowatt hours (kWh). How can it be transformed to adapt to the life conditions and the lifestyle desired by singles of any age, families -either monoparental or blended-, by the elderly? and Steiner, A. Such data is always site specific and needs to be recorded at the house for which a renewable energy system is to be designed. In the case of heating technology, insulation and domestic appliances, we assume, ct energy consumption, the second towards commodity consumption. an interest for folk music leads to a higher Switzerland, March 2020: The price of electricity is U.S. Dollar per kWh for households and U.S. Dollar for businesses which includes all components of the electricity bill such as the cost of power, distribution and taxes. In order to assess the saving potential of behavioural changes, we defined two low, The first pattern is oriented towards dire. In this paper, we focus on the overall (primary) energy consumption of households. Switzerland is not only one of the world’s most innovative research nations, but also one of the most competitive. consumption changes much more accurately; model, we used standard construction and restoration rates. Net import of embodied energy was, eholds follows two paths: first, direct consumption from the, this path, energy inputs into the economy, household with car and average income. When zero growth per capita in commodities consumption is assumed, overall energy demand will increase by about 5%, mainly due to strong increases in gasoline demand. Energy consumption in households by type of end-use. Switzerland is a Christian country. In 2015 per capita electricity consumption in Switzerland was 7,033 kWh. development. However, given that the resident population has grown by 23.4% over the same period, total energy consumption actually has increased by 5.5%. The average U.S. household consumes about 11,000 kilowatthours (kWh) per year. The largest dam in Switzerland is the 285 metre-high Grande-Dixence dam (canton of Valais). Economic activity soared 7.2% on a seasonally-adjusted quarter-on-quarter basis in the third quarter, contrasting the 7.0% contraction recorded in the second quarter and marking the strongest expansion on record. Electricity consumption in U.S. homes varies by region and type of home. Power consumption (cooling, cooking, power for electric kitchen appliances); Hot water consumption (for food processing and dish washing, technology based on fossil fuels); s for food and for restaurant meals and services). Switzerland has a very varied landscape and great habitat diversity. This classification differs slightly from the widely used account given in, Baccini and Bader (1996), which is oriente, primarily towards energy flows. (1995) Ökoinventar Transporte, INFRAS, Zürich. (Editors) Lebensstandard, Lebensstil und Energieverbrauch, VDI-Verlag, Düsseldorf, pp. lifestyle. The three datasets all allocated the historical ALCC according to human population density. The consumer behaviour options could also be termed as ‘, suggested and used, for instance, by Weber, Figure 3 shows the relationship between per capita energy consumption and household size. Digital studies and stakeholder engagement may have enormous potential for medical research. We compared the recruitment dynamics over the first 18 months with the a priori defined recruitment goals and assessed whether a priori defined groups were enrolled who are likely to be missed by traditional research studies. model allocates all energy to household types. The time horizon is limited to 30 years. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The Federal Council is pursuing plans to free Switzerland from reliance on imported, non-renewable energy. When the growth rate of commodities. Reductions can be achieved directly by lowering the demand for. During the winter months Newfoundland hydro issues an estimated bill. Starting with an overview on the conceptual foundations and a description of the four sub-models, the main variants "LPlus" and "Llow" are defined through the combinations of the subject-specific variants h3.5, m55 and f0.5 with the most and the least energy consumption. Seven charts portray the most important and prominent aspects of Switzerland’s environment, from geography to animals and plants to waste disposal. the annual consumption growth exceeds 0.3%. Remarkable is the fact that, the activity ‘feeding’ requires the same amount of energy as the process ‘heating’, which is about 80% of the energy, Let us turn next to a more detailed account by looking at the impact of household size, technology, and consumption, behaviour on energy requirements. The Swiss MS Registry is a prospective, longitudinal, observational study covering all Switzerland. The results reveal that agricultural production and private households account for most of the system's energy requirements. Faist, M., Kytzia, S. and Baccini, P. (1999) ‘The impact of household food consumption on resource and energy management’, Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Sustainable Household Consumption, Kasser, U., Pöll, M. and Graffe, K. (1999), Maibach, M., Peter, D. and Seiler, B. Per capita household energy consumption in EU-27 and EEA countries only slightly increased over the period (0.4%/year). ervices, including energy services, of each process. This study uses a material flux analysis to assess material and energy fluxes of the entire system of food production and consumption. The additional area required for solar power plants for this higher standard of living in the scenario P7 increases by 80'000 km2 , from 275'000 to 355'000 km2. Federalism and direct democracy reflect the great importance that the Swiss political system places on the freedom of choice and self-determination. Secondly, Swiss data on household energy consumption are presented and discussed in the context of household size, technology and consumption behaviour. It might be interesting to know that the average home (among all states) consume 916 kWh per month, or 30 kWh per day. variables age, education and income can be demonstrated. Kasser, U., Pöll, M. and Graffe, K. (1999) Ökologische Bewertung mit Hilfe der Grauen Energie, BUWAL, Bern. Based on this proposal, electricity consumption per capita will be 3 percent lower by 2020 than it was in the year 2000, and 13 percent lower by 2035. It compares optimisation of technical devices in private households with purchase decisions that favour organically produced food products. This effect is greatest, for the processes ‘heating’ and ‘private mobility’ within the, In order to account for the impact of energy, where current technology was replaced by more efficient technology. But nevertheless, human soil perception, soil awareness, and soil relation are cultural phenomena, too". Moderate consumption growth: 0.25% per year; strong consumption growth: 0.5% per year. The impact of household food consumption on resource and energy management. The typology builds on income and size. As a major energy consumer, the buildings sector will have to make a substantial contribution to meeting these targets. Electricity consumption grew much faster at an annual growth rate of 1.9%. The world’s longest railway tunnel – the Gotthard Base Tunnel – was officially opened on 1 June 2016. In the third part of the paper, we will present energy, rebound effects due to commodity consumption growth. The following assumptions were applied for this calculation: income, standard heating technology and insulation, average per capita commodity consumption of a two. t ‘Ökostrom’ (‘green power’), funded by the Swiss Federal. A hybrid advisory model offered by established wealth managers appears to be the most promising advisory model for the main customer segments in wealth management. Over the period 1990-2009, energy efficiency in the household sector increased by 24% in EU-27 countries at an annual average rate of 1.4%/year, driven by the diffusion of more efficient buildings, space heating technologies and electrical appliances. The Pongratz dataset was reconstructed by Pongratz and her colleagues at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Germany, covering AD 800–1992. Thanks to its location at the crossroads of three major European cultures (German, French and Italian), Switzerland has a rich and varied arts and culture scene. Built in several countries, they also have very different scales. Various building concepts already available today offer considerable potential and, as individual solutions, often achieve the targets of the 2000 W society. We made a rather conse, case of private mobility: gasoline consumption would decrease from the present 8 litres per 100 km (average of Swiss. 10%, which is what official sources predict (Eckerle and, material flux analysis. They account for 59.9% of total domestic electricity production. replacement by currently available very energy efficient technologies, materials and devices. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, Interactions in Swiss households' energy demand: A holistic approach, The rebound effect through industrial ecology's eyes: a review of LCA-based studies, Year long power consumption and metrological data analysis of a home in, The Main Variants «LPlus» and «Llow»: Conditions for an Increased Living Standard in Developing Countries, Household energy demand of China towards a well-off society by 2020, Das PNF-Lebensstil-Tool: Ein auf Nachhaltigkeit ausgerichtetes Lebensstilkonzept für postmoderne Gesellschaften, Regional energy and CO2 scenarios: A decision support tool for policy makers, Un sujet à replacer dans son contexte international (commentaires au texte de Francis Ribeyre), Energy and building technology for the 2000W society—Potential of residential buildings in Switzerland, Impact of household food consumption on resource and energy management, The personal CO2 calculator: A modeling tool for Participatory Integrated Assessment methods, IUSS Division 4 Working Group - Cultural patterns of soil understanding, Book on "Soil and Culture" by International Union of Soil Science (IUSS), IAEA activities in gas-cooled reactor technology. 4000 kWh for our reference household. Even though Switzerland tops the world rankings for rail travel by passenger-kilometres per capita, the car remains the country's favourite means of transport. behavioural changes in commodity consumption; HH size: reductions due to shifting to a larger household size (by one person); All: saving potentials are higher for smaller household sizes than for larger units. As a main result from the model calculations, it can be stated that the primary energy demand in the main variant "LPlus" in the scenario P7 in the year 2200 increases by 60 EJ compared with the variant "Llow" , from 284 to 347 EJ, the final energy demand increases by 33.5 EJ from 173.5 to 207 EJ. Overall energy demand stabilizes about 5% above present levels within the next few decades. For household size we used official, space consumption and selected consumer data on food and durable consumption. Over the same period, the final energy consumption of households increased by about 13%, at an annual average rate of 0.7%. two systems of indicators of sustainable development. The framework is based on material flux analysis and differentiates between four household activities feeding, housing, transporting and consuming. Tech: reductions due to technological, s in direct energy consumption; Beh emb: reductions due to, mentioned energy conservation strategies. In 2015, these three end uses c… strategies oriented towards rapid regional re, We did not vary life spans of goods: the use period of consumer durables can be treated as an indicator of. In this paper we describe a PIA methodology which combines the social science research instrument “focus group” with a specific The main sources of energy in Switzerland are oil, natural gas, nuclear power and hydropower. 4, pp. We gratefully acknowledge the helpful and, constructive comments of Mireille Faist, George Henseler, Susanne Kytzia, and two anonymous revi, BfE (Bundesamt für Energiewirtschaft) (1996). Of the a priori defined groups with potential underrepresentation in other studies, 645 participants (46.5%) received care at a private neurology practice, 167 participants (12%) did not report any use of healthcare services in the past 12 months, 32 (2.3%) participants lived in rural mountainous areas, and 20 (2.0% of the 1041 for whom this information was available) lived in a long-term care facility. The prices are per kWh and include all items in the electricity bill such as the distribution and energy cost, various environmental and fuel cost charges and taxes. : energy, household, lifestyles, material flux analysis, modelling, technological change. Switzerland evolved over many centuries from a loose alliance of small self-governing towns and states to a fully-fledged federal state of 26 cantons. Switzerland's diverse and permeable education system in essence offers a choice between an academic or vocational education. ely to rise. portance of consumption growth as the driving force of. They range from a simple practical solution to live in a contemporary way, particularly because of the porosity between habitat and work, to the ambition to change life starting with housing. are examined on their relevance to sustainability. On the one hand, behavioural changes can lead, progress. To depict the state of play, a comprehensive literature review is needed. International research collaboration is high on Switzerland’s agenda. Household electricity use: 6,000 kWh per household per year for 3 residents average per household. The Swiss MS Registry serves as an example of a digitally enhanced, citizen-science study that leverages the advantages of both traditional medical research, with its established research methods, and novel societal and technological developments, while mitigating their ethical and legal disadvantages and risks. Concerning energy consumption of private households, it has to be noted first, that the consumption per person, under constant conditions, increases with decreasing household size, but not the consumption per household (see, ... A number of studies have been carried out in developed countries to analyze overall energy requirements in households [5][6][7][8]. And needs to be met both globally and by Switzerland to realize the vision stabilization of demand in the of. 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